Athena will protect

Athena the Maiden

Athena Protected (with Greg)

the minnie temple for Poseidon

Today was a good day full on studying in the sun next to the pool. Here is some more about the Athens and Acropolis trip though. After we checked out Athens we walked up to the Acropolis, which wasn’t much of a hike (remember it had to be accessible to average joes of the time). When we got there our tour guide told us why Athena was so important to the Greeks of Athens. Mythology says that Athena is the only goddess who did not have a mother, she came from Zeus’ head, so she is the goddess of wisdom. She came by Athens and she touched the highest hill, and where she touched there sprouted an olive tree. This is important to the Greeks, because olives and olive oil were necessary for everyday life. She was also the only maiden (or virgin) goddess, so that was significant too. Also, Athena is suppose to be a protector goddess. The Greeks, after their economy got better and they started to have more of a middle class (this is before Christ), the first elected guy decided to build a temple for Athena (which is where Athens got it’s name from). This was really smart on his part because it gave the poor good work, and he paid them well, and this helped to establish the middle class. Anyway, they made multiple temples. The first you come to is the temple of Athena Protects which was there to remind the people that they had a protector. Right now it is under construction so that it will not fall apart during the next earthquake. Then when you pass through the gates you see two temples. The temple to the right was for Athena the Maiden. This was the most beautiful of the temples and had 47 columns (in comparison to the temple for Zeus with 104 columns). It had the most skilled craftsmen working on it and the decorations were of the best quality available. (These decorations were later stolen by some European art collector and then sold to the British museum after almost being destroyed by weather.) Then after the Greeks had been attacked by the Persians, twice, and survived both attacks (the second meant  to destroy the Greeks altogether), they built a temple because Athena Protected. Off to the side of this smaller temple was a little area for Poseidon, the god of the sea. He was important to the Greeks (yet not comparable to Athena) because after every hardship they had, their fishing industry brought them up and back into working order (like it is doing right now).

These are just a couple of the fun facts I learned while at the Acropolis. Everything I’ve said is from memory, so I may have some of it mixed up, but don’t worry, cause as soon as I get home I plan to research Greek history some more, so then I can answer any questions you ever have about Greek history.

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